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Basics of optics ppt

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Product Description 2-3 Day Light Lesson, Webquest and Colour Blindness Test. Initially single line wires were used. Benefits & Advantages optics to stabilize, and has encouraged major fiber makers to look for new markets for their products. Basic optical laws and definition Muhzina Moideen Reflection and Refraction • When a light ray encounters a boundary separating two different media , part of ray is reflected back in to first medium and the remainder is bent (refracted) as it enters the second material. Tim Bedding (tim. How to handle and install fiber optic components safely. BASIC NETWORK TOPOLOGIES 1. Matrix methods in paraxial optics • Describing a single thick lens in terms of its cardinal points. nitttrchd. This top 10 fiber optical interview questions and answers will help interviewee pass the job interview for fiber optic job position with ease. CONCAVE or NEGATIVE lenses will DIVERGE (spread out) light rays. Basics of Data Communication and Computer Networking :: 35 1. Optical Fiber Communication Seminar and PPT with pdf report: An optical Fiber is a thin, flexible, crystal clear Fiber that acts as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to convey light between the two ends of the Fiber. Everything you need to introduce or review Light Optics is right here including the lesson (student and teacher versions), a pre or post-instruction WebQuest, a Bill Nye V λ is the wavelength of incident light ‘a’ is the width of the slit. This royalty lets you edit text and values and is  2: Basic elements of an optical fiber sensing system . » This information can be used to individually sort or separate subpopulations of cells. Doppler broadening. . TH (Or E) Modes 1. This infrastructure serves a wide range of uses, such as to provide telephone service or transmit data through a computer network. A is a world leader in the manufacturing of quality Acousto-optic and radio frequency devices. 5), that happens because some of the light energy travels through the cladding. Source and  Introduction to Nonlinear Optics. Though Raman spectra are very low in intensity and coded in the most mysterious of energy units (wavenumbers, or cm-1), they probe molecular structure as effectively as IR spectroscopy, but with greater ease of use, more versatility, and lower cost. Optics I: Introduction. Understanding the basics of fiber optics now will make it much easier to implement fiber optics down the road. 2442-7 Preparatory School to the Winter College on Optics I. (monochromators) (microscopy ). if the core diameter is 8um the MFD is 9. •Optical performance considerations. The U. OPTICAL NETWORK TERMINOLOGY • SONET/SDH- Synchronous Optical Network later called Synchronous Digital Hierarchy- This standard defines a synchronous frame structure for transmitting time division multiplexed signals. BioImaging &Optics Platform. 3. Fundamentals of Photonics, B. . Please browse the internet to learn interactively all about Fiber Optical interview questions and answers-Optical Questionnaire. Step-Index Cylindrical Fiber 1. Introduction to Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (LEICA) This presentation has been put together as a common effort of Urs Ziegler, Anne Greet Bittermann, Mathias Hoechli. Experimental hutch 4. • slow, but compatible with most/all optics – scintillation and gas proportional detectors count all photons, within an energy window, that hit them – Si(Li) detectors can electronically analyze or fil ter wavelengths • position sensitive detectors – linear PSDs observe all photons scattered along a l ine from 2 to 10° long Introduction to X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Fundamental Principles 1 1. •One beam is reflected from the Reference Mirror, and the other one Flow Cytometry Basics Guide Download PDF Order your free printed copy here This flow cytometry guide aims to give you a basic overview of all the important facets of flow cytometry without delving too deeply into the complex mathematics and physics behind it all. Receiver 3. 1 Optical Image Formation In optical image formation, we understand a point source of light to be placed at an object point. T109, pp. National Technical University of Athens . Figure 2. The Fiber Optics theme contains embedded background photos and images across multiple title and text slide layouts and will make your presentation stand out. Optical fibre, cables and systems - i - Foreword Malcolm Johnson Director ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector As we approach the half century mark for the dawn of the era of optical communications, it is appropriate to However, they are marked with orange poles and are unmonitored. 2: Basic elements of an optical fiber sensing system. The Fiber optic cable is made of high quality extruded glass (si) or plastic, and it is flexible. Understanding fiber optic jargon. Geometric Optics. Textbook: “The Physics of Everyday Phenomena: A Conceptual Introduction to Physics (Fourth Edition)” by W. This site is intended for a) students, who desire to review the principles and methods of optical mineralogy and petrography, and b) faculty who seek instructional materials and activities to support their own teaching of these subjects. We describe the path of light as straight-line rays. Watch how the image changes when you adjust the focal length of the lens, move the object, move the lens, or move the screen. files. The fundamental constants are a kind of interface to apply these basic laws to a  19 Oct 2015 Posted to EyeRounds for Dr. Optics hutch 3. The text covers the elements of the theories of interference, interferometers, and diffraction. Mark E. We suggest Jeff Hecht's Understanding Fiber Optics, Gerd Keiser’s Optical Communications Essentials or Jim Downing's Fiber Optic Communications for most beginning classes. The videos and resources will include lectures, demonstrations, and plenty of worked out example problems with High School physics curriculum and the AP Physics 1 curriculum in mind. Winter 2012. D. 1 Why quantum mechanics is necessary for describing molecular properties we krow that all molccules are made of atoms which. Superposition and Interference; Young's Two-Slit Experiment; Interference in Reflected Waves  But clouds, rain, and other atmospheric disturbances can disrupt optical signals Basics. - This is very important in terms of the resolution of the Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Geometrical optics Reflection Refraction Refraction through a lens Total reflection Reflection of light at 90° angle of incidence Fresnel’s laws of reflection Total reflection in a fiber Rayleigh scattering and Tyndall’s light Chapter 2: Basic Optics The electromagnetic spectrum The attenuation of solar radiation by the atmosphere for wavelenghs visible to the naked human eye. Download Presentation Basic Optics An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation. The core and cladding are usually fused silica glass which is covered by a plastic coating called the buffer or primary buffer coating which protects the glass fiber from physical damage and moisture. Zayats, I. 3 CONTENTS M. wordpress. Use the index to your left to find the specific topics you are Optics is the branch of physics that deals with light and its properties and behavior. Microsoft PowerPoint - 16 prism and diffractive optics. The properties of Amphiboles, Micas, Pyroxenes, and Olivines and an Introduction to Mineral Properties in Thin Section -- Dexter Perkins, Univ. • Basic of Optical Fibers a) Mode LP lm b) Optical fibers Parameters c) Dispersion d) Atenuation. Atomic Line widths (effective; natural). The speed of light in a vacuum is 299,792,458 meters per second. The 2x2 coupler is a basic device in optical networks, and it can be  OPTICS Optic is one of the branch of physics which deals with the light and properties of it. Greiner, MD October 19, 2016 Introduction. 2: Basic elements of an optical fiber sensing system . An optical fiber also considers the parameters like the environment in which it is operating, the tensile strength, durability and rigidity. Contents; Purchasing the CD; Purchasing the Digital Download; NGSS Corner. bedding@sydney. Power of a lens/mirror Optical fiber has a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair. ECE 5616 Curtis Resolving power aka number of spots. Dželalija, Physics Prefixes for SI Units As a convinience when dealing with very large or very small measurements, we use the prefixes, which represents a certain power of 10, as a prism. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. e. Phase angle. Overview of fiber optic components and applicable industry standards. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. Basic Blocks. (1961), shortly after the demonstration of the first working laser by Maiman in 1960. Really Basic Optics. In fiber optics, the critical angle is described with respect to the parallel axis running down the middle of the fiber. There are some all plastic fibers used for specific applications. The Journal of Biomedical Optics (JBO) is an open access journal that publishes peer-reviewed papers on the use of novel optical systems and techniques for improved health care and biomedical research. This point propagates by way of a diverging image bundle (homocentric bundle) through an optical system to a corresponding point in the image plane (image point). Structure and Working of the Optical Fibre Optical fibers are made of glass or plastic. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "The Basics of Fiber Optics" is the property of its rightful owner. PowerPoint slide on Physics : Class 12th : Optics compiled by Rohit Bhushan. 22/02/2019 . edu Basics. of Materials Science and Engineering Defects in Lenses Spherical Aberration – Peripheral rays and axial rays have different focal points - This causes the image to appear hazy or blurred and slightly out of focus. • Fabrication Method. It increases bandwidth by allowing different data streams to be sent simultaneously over a single optical fiber network. Green, “The Irwin Handbook of FOA Reference Guide to Fiber Optics, Chapter 7 Test Your Knowledge: Online Quiz Take the Quiz at the end of Chapter 7 and check your answers . Presented by David G. light-reflection and refraction ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation iii) In a convex lens and concave lens a ray of light passing through the optical centre goes without any deviation. The Mode Field Diameter (MFD) in singlemode fiber is the section of fiber where the most of the light energy travels, and it`s normally larger than the actual core diameter (i. An Introduction to Optical Coatings. The ex-periment demonstrated a new way of making optical parametric amplification and introduced fiber lasers as pump sources for such setups. Resolving power of a microscope is the reciprocal of minimum separation of two points (d min ) to be seen as distinct. • It is the art of measuring horizontal and vertical distances between objects, of measuring The basic premise of Optical Switching is that by replacing existing electronic network switches with optical ones, the need for OEO conversions is removed. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Quantum optics often connotes fundamental research, whereas photonics is used to connote applied research and Douglas B. However, each area has slightly different connotations by scientific and government communities and in the marketplace. Dr. It follows a helical trajectory confined within a cylindrical shell of radii R and a. Elias N. The Basics of White Light Interferometry. The medium is the channel over which the message is sent and the protocol is the set of rules that guides how the data is transmitted from encoding to Physical Optics Lecture Notes (PDF 44P) This note covers the following topics: elementary electromagnetic waves, maxwells equations, the material equations and boundary conditions, Poynting's vector and the energy law, the wave equation and the speed of light, scalar waves, pulse propagation in a dispersive medium, general electromagnetic plane wave, harmonic electromagnetic waves of arbitrary www. Vislisel, MD, Mark A. The automotive industry has a growing reliance on optics, thanks to high-performance LED headlights and tail lights, not to mention potential additions such as collision-avoidance sensors and head-up displays. The book is comprised of 14 chapters that discuss various topics about optics, such as geometrical theories, image forming instruments, and optics of metals and crystals. As far as we know, all types of light move at one speed when in a vacuum. Basics of Understanding Machine Vision An Introduction to Machine Vision Machine vision (also called “industrial vision” or “vision systems”) is the use of digital sensors (wrapped in cameras with specialized optics) that are connected to processing hardware and software algorithms to visually inspect…pretty much anything. Bus – Backplane user 1 user 2 user 3. Wilkinson. • OC-xx Optical Carrier; STM-xx Synchronous Transfer Module – each bit rate is a multiple of the lowest level OC-1 or STM-1 Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPPs) -Introduction and basic properties Standard textbook: - Heinz Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. It explained the laws of reflection and refraction of light at an interface. University of Ottawa. 3 shows cross sections of lens cones with different focal lengths. At first we decide what lens to use and The expansion coefficients, ˜(1) and ˜(2), etc. We'll start by looking at motion itself. Fiber Optics in Communications and Computing. Introduction Free-space optical communication (FSO) systems (in space and inside the atmosphere) have developed in response to a growing need for high-speed and tap-proof communica-tion systems. This page contains Optical Fiber Communication Seminar and PPT with pdf report. Since it is a 2-Dimensional tolerance sometimes multiple sections of the same feature must be measured to ensure that the entire length of a feature is within roundness. Clearly, the advantages of being able to avoid the OEO conversion stage are significant. Fiber optics are an application of total internal reflection, as the signal can be transmitted through the medium with essentially no losses as long as the light never encounters the edge of the fiber at an angle less than the critical angle. An Introduction to the Optics Manufacturing Process Katie Schwertz OptoMechanics (OPTI 521) Report October 31, 2008 Abstract Although technological advances are continually being made in machinery for optics manufacturing, the actual manufacturing process has, in many ways, remained unchanged. Introduction & Useful References. On the right, a fiber optic cable is shown with light being transmitted through it. Introduction to Optoelectronics Optoelectronics is the interaction between optics and circuitry. Therefore, the fiber-optic critical angle = (90 degrees - physics critical angle). The fiber sensor can be either an intrinsic one--if the modulation takes place directly in the fiber--or extrinsic, if the modulation is performed by some external transducer as depicted in Fig. O. lightbrigade. Fiber optics began  Application of adaptive optics to Free-Space Optical communications Comparison of different Adaptive Optics correction strategies wrt FSO performance . Basic Optics of Near Low Vision Devices Rebecca Kammer, OD, FAAO, Diplomate Low Vision Assistant Director Optometric Education Associate Professor Western University College of Optometry rkammer@westernu. Those light waves may be sent through a transparent medium as a laser beam, or con-tained within a fiber optic cable. Basic Electronics Chapter 2, 3A (test T5, T6) Basic Electrical Principles and the Functions of Components Figures in this course book are reproduced with the permission of the American Radio Relay League. Physics is the study of the basic principles that govern the physical world around us. Wide Area Networks between major  A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on Understand basic optical principles of lenses; How lenses manipulate light  WDM optical networks; Light transmitted through an optical fiber; Types of optical fibers . A collection of electronic material related to the text is available atoptics. Fundamental Principles 1. Cool things that happen to light. without which we cannot understand the basic fundamentals of Optics If anybody want the presentation from which i have This “Fiber Optic Basic Training” Guide has been designed to get you started and keep you up to date. The process of lapping and polishing materials has been applied to a wide range of materials and applications, ranging from metals, glasses, optics, semiconductors, and ceramics. Ethernet Tutorial – Part I: Networking Basics Computer networking has become an integral part of business today. THE BASICS OF FIBER OPTIC CABLE . Photonics and Optical Communication, Spring 2007, Dr. I was aware that a signal was sent and a receiver in turn gathered data, but how? Basics of Thermal Imaging: If you've ever wanted to have "heat sensing vision," look no further! Thermal cameras are becoming cheaper and easier to use, which means they're more documented and accessible for hobbyists. Angle of view indicates the displayable range of the image (plane) measured by the angle from the center of the Circularity in GD&T is sometimes also referred to as Roundness. Hardware is different. Edmund Optics limited, and the characterization of the optics (the MTF) is the most important; an ideal sensor is said to be diffraction-limited, able to respond to spatial frequencies up to the diffraction limit, λ/D, where λ is the wavelength at which the sensor operates and D is the diameter of the optics. Optical fibers are typically made of silica with index-modifying dopants such as GeO2. The nonlinear interaction, which means the matter responds in a nonlinear manner to the incident radiation fields, endows the media a characterization to change the wavelength, or the frequency of the incident electromagnetic waves. e the focus of the slit and the focus of the microscope are at the same point. Basic optical laws and definition • Refractive index : n=c/v c=speed of light wave in free space(3x108m/s). Hundreds to thousands of them are arranged in bundles (optical cables) that can transmit light great distances. Imaging techniques for assessing the structure and function of the cornea and anterior segment are crucial for diagnosing and treating a wide variety of ocular diseases. 6 Over the past four years, however, the relative size of the U. At The Academic Level At the acedemic level, students should have a higher level textbook assigned for the class. pdf), Text File (. There is a certain logic to this, first introducing a basic theory. Light is basic to almost all life on Earth. 2. It represents the knowledge gained from over 25 years experience in fiber optics – back to when it started – but brought up to date to include the latest innovations. They have a central core surrounded by a concentric cladding with slightly lower (by ≈ 1%) refractive index. Communication Systems. Don't show me this again. Hunter, MD, PhD Dr. Optical Properties of Solids Basics Program Examples Outlook program flow inputs Microsoft PowerPoint - Optics_Vienna_April_2006. Basics of Optical Isolator In a fiber optic system, connectors and optical devices on the output of the transmitter may cause reflection, absorption, or scattering of the optical signal. Although fiber optic cable is still more expensive than other types of cable, it's favored for today's high-speed data communications because it eliminates the problems of twisted-pair cable, such as near-end crosstalk (NEXT), electromagnetic interference (EIVII), and security breaches. As I discuss in this introcjuctory section, the equations that govern the motions of electrons and of nuclei are not the familiar Newton equatrons This course is one of several courses designed for Algebra Based AP Physics 1. 2 The Basics of Camera Technology Optical System Angle of View When shooting a landscape with a camera, as in figure A, there is a certain range that will be displayed on a picture monitor. 1 INTRODUCTION In 1637 Descartes gave the corpuscular model of light and derived Snell’s law. The diameter of the fiber optic cable is in between 0. These effects may cause light energy to be reflected back at the source and interfere with source operation. 5) to synthesize nanomaterials, i. Figure 2 shows a typical channel frequency domain characteristic used with data with a 100 IV. If your company has recently installed fiber optics, or plans to do so in the near future, then it is essential to make sure your employees are educated on fiber optics as soon as possible. Snell’s Law and Critical Angle for Total Internal Reflection 1. Optics – Reflector cups, lensing and aiming features Drivers – Microprocessor-based power management, and control stages Power Supplies – voltage conversion units Thermal Management – vents and heat sinks Well designed fixtures integrate all these features into the fixture itself. 1. Units of Chapter 28. Course 190 - Frontiers in Modern Optics,  Physical Optics: Interference and Diffraction. A short, arbitrary, condensed history of optics. Based on: “A short history of Optics” by B. All telescopes are based upon two basics properties of optics by the Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) instrument on the – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Most optical fibers are made of glass, although some are made of plastic. edu Protection Basics and Terminology. Reflection. - Fiber optic  In most introductory texts, geometrical optics appears after Maxwell's equations and theory of light. • Approach becomes intolerable for large node networks. The fibers are so small that once the light is introduced into the fiber with an angle within the confines of the numerical aperture of the fiber, it will continue to reflect almost losslessly off the walls of the fiber and thus can travel long distances in This course treats "Tissue Optics", how light propagates in scattering and absorbing media such as biological tissue. Imaging Optics Fundamentals Gregory Hollows Director, Machine Vision Solutions . • Similar to BUS Network in this regard. Throughout my live I have been exposed to applications which require these two mediums to communicate with each other, yet never really understood how it was accomplished. • Issues of contention for accessing the bus 2. Hybrid Modes EH and HE 1. , are identified as linear and nonlinear susceptibilities, respectively. 4. Saleh, John Wiley& Sons. either to assemble atoms together or to dis-assemble (break, Fiber Optics PowerPoint template is professionally designed with high-res pictures in the background of the Slide Master. The approach is unique. School of Electrical & Computer Engineering . P resented at the International School of Physics “Enrico Fermi,”. Introduction No other scientific discovery of the 20th century has been demonstrated with so many exciting applications as laser acronym for (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation). These are the slides I created for Physics 1425 (Physics I for Engineers) in the Spring of 2010. Commodities such as cameras, eyeglasses or microscopes are commonly associated with the field of optics. Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. Corning is committed to providing education and technical support to ensure the basics of optical fiber, its composition, and its capabilities are understood. It should not be Optics and Detection After hydrodynamic focusing , each particle passes through one or more beams of focused light. Alignment: Alignment to the underlying layer is equally as important as the optics. An optical coating is composed of a combination of thin film layers that create interference effects used to enhance transmission or reflection properties within an optical system. This booklet was compiled by John P. About the NGSS Corner; NGSS Search; Force and Motion DCIs - High School; Energy DCIs - High School; Wave Applications DCIs - High School; Force and Motion PEs - High School; Energy PEs - High School Optical Mineralogy Teaching Activities. Welcome! This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. Wiley-Liss, New York, New York (1st Edition). fields, P is a linear function of E; this is a regime of linear optics. edu The basics of quantum mechanics 1. Total internal  19 Jan 2016 Basics of Geometrical Optics. “geometrical optics” approach. Fiber Optics History. However, even in the linear optics regime, the dependence of the polarization on the applied electric field can be rather complicated to account for possible medium anisotropy and–temporal and sometimes even spatial–dispersion. Protocol The transmitter sends the message and the receiver receives the message. These technical and highly sought-after skills in the fiber optics industry are taught using a hands-on approach. The fiber optic sensor has an optical fiber connected to a light source to allow for detection in tight spaces or where a small profile is beneficial. TE (Or H) Modes 1. Secondary maximas are at 3 5 0, , 2a 2a λ λ ± ± etc. 1. Some important classes of photon detectors are listed below. The basics of Wavelength Division Multiplexing, WDM Wavelength division multiplexing, WDM, has long been the technology of choice for transporting large amounts of data between sites. Electrodynamic Analysis. Geometrical optics, or ray optics, is a model of optics that describes light propagation in terms of ray tracing, which are used to find basic properties of optical systems, such as approximate image and object positions and magnifications. market has decreased; it is forecast to Free-space optical communications, link budget, turbu-lence, fading. Nonlinear Optics optics is a branch of optics which studies the nonlinear interactions of electromagnetic radiation and the media. •Photoconductive. 10 Gigabit Ethernet uses multimode optical fiber up to 300 meters and single mode fiber up to 40 kilometers. Optics and photonics: the basics of modern laser technology Optical components are indispensable for laser-based processes and play a vital part in the success story that is laser technology. Directed-energy weapons systems could provide efficient, cost-effective countermeasures in an age of drones and other airborne threats. 360 pages (2001). txt) or view presentation slides online. Transmitter 2. Kasap, Prentice Hall. Optical Fiber Types 1. Many pages are copied from Internet web pages or from presentations given by Leica, Zeiss and other companies. Flow Cytometry » Flow Cytometry is the technical process that allows for the individual measurements of cell fluorescence and light scattering. Glytsis . • Transmits through optical fiber to sensor chemistry (probe tip or cuvette wall) • Based on the pH of the solution, a certain amount of light will absorb at 620 nm • Partially absorbed light travels to detector • Absorbance determined based on previously taken reference • Correlated to pH value via ratiometric algorithm 4 Introduction 3), a high power fiber laser pumped parametric amplifier was built. These lasers are termed rangefinders, target designators, and direct-fire simulators 5 •Role of the objective lens The objective lens is used for focusing, and this lens is a very important lens that determines the final diameter of the electron probe. 1 INTRODUCTION Nature has endowed the human eye (retina) with the sensitivity to detect electromagnetic waves within a small range of the electromagnetic How does a lens form an image? See how light rays are refracted by a lens. com J. If the performance of the objective lens is not good, an optimally-fine electron probe cannot be produced despite all of the educators teaching their students the basics of the field. Our experienced team of project managers, sales representatives and product developers are standing by to help you with your next fiber optic or networking project. ECE 5616 Curtis Diffraction gratings Basics. 351 Wave Optics Chapter Ten WAVE OPTICS 10. The word "laser" is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. The basics of radiometry are introduced to facilitate laboratory experiments. Miles F. 1-2 A skewed ray lies in a plane offset from the fiber axis by a distance R. Development of fibre optics. The ray is identified by the angles 8 and 4. Wang Chapter Nine RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS 9. Optical-based sensors drift less than membrane-covered sensors and are capable of holding their  30 Jun 2017 Extension building for long BLs. In this course we will cover the topics waves, sound, and optics. ac. Physics 1425 PowerPoint Slides. Glass optical fibers are the most common type used in communication applications. Dextrorotatory (+): an optically active compound that rotates plane polarized light in a clockwise direction. In this lecture, we are gonna study about some basics related to Optics. RING user 1 user 2 user 3 user 4 user 5 user 6 user 7 • Individual passive optical tap is required for each node. S. In both types of illumination system the Kohler illumination principle is used: • Two basic types: • This is such as to make the system “parfocal” • i. H. Optical Transport Network (OTN) Tutorial Disclaimer: This is a Tutorial. There are many excellent books on nonlinear optics. A. Optical fibers are circular dielectric wave-guides that can transport optical energy and information. These deviate rays and we can condense rays or rotate images. Introduction to Optical Networks * * Telecommunications Network Architecture * Telecommunications Network Architecture Metro network: lie within a city or a region Access network: extend from a central office to businesses and homes Interoffice network: connect central offices within a city or a region Long-haul network: interconnect cities or regions * Desired Features of Telecommunications An optical fiber also considers the parameters like the environment in which it is operating, the tensile strength, durability and rigidity. edu, including videos of students performing the lab assignments found in the book. Eyeglasses are more popular than ever, despite recent innovations in contact lenses and vision correction surgery. They are very thin, about the size of a human hair. Murphy. 2. 3: Classification of optical fiber sensors . Radiometry and Photometry Wei-Chih Wang Department of Power Mechanical Engineering National TsingHua University W. •Optical design fundamentals. Image formation-7-Light is the messenger and transports the object information from the Corneal Imaging: An Introduction. By the end of this section you will be able to: Take a list of infrared thermography and camera terms and be able to explain the meaning and function of each. a Tutorial. The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics. Laser and its Applications 1. Andrew Hind, Spectroscopy Solutions Division R&D director within Agilent’s Chemical Analysis Group, explains a new technology platform that the company has gained through the Varian acquisition. The wave nature of light is presented with practical examples of coherent measurements such as interferometry. 1 Energy level diagram for (a) three- and (b) four level laser systems. 1 Electromagnetic Radiation, Quanta From a physical point of view, X-rays are of the same nature as visible light. A very basic explanation of the way fiber works is adequate for most students. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. ppt The camera is focused for infinity; that is, the image is formed in the focal plane. in turn. >2>2>2>2>,>,>,>, Optical elements After we decide optical specifications, we need to think of what optical elements to use. ppt [Compatibility Mode] 4 1 Lasers: Fundamentals, Types, and Operations N N E 0 E E 1 E 3 E 0 E E 1 2 Fast decay Fast decay Fast decay Pumping Pumping Lasing Lasing (a) (b) Figure 1. 20 Apr 2017 Basics of optics, and different phenomenon like interference, Diffraction. • Describing a single optical element with a 2x2 matrix. Super- wide-anglelens cones have a focal length of 88 mm (3. elec-za. Template library PoweredTemplate. 8/31/11. byu. Pete's PowerPoint Station is your destination for free PowerPoint presentations for kids and teachers about Light, Optics, and so much more. Of the Zeiss type 2. com/lennielw. Cross AB5OX Plastic Optical Fiber (POF) Basics Characteristics of POF Principles of Optical Fiber Optical Fiber Structure: Contact Us Industrial Fiber Optics, Inc 1725 West 1 st Street Tempe, AZ 85281-7622 USA info@i-fiberoptics. Process window: Capability of printing small features does not always guarantee a good quality and a repeatable and controllable patterning. Section 1: Infrared Thermography Basics This section will present you with general information about infrared thermography and infrared camera functions. Mirrors and Lenses. Fiber optics are often long strands of very pure glass. Reflection; Diffuse reflection; Refraction; Index of refraction; Speed of light . We know that light shows both the particle and wave characteristics. This page describes fiber optical questionnaire written by specialists in fiber optic domain. 276 FIBER OPTICS a x Figure 8. Raytracing. What is a Fiber Optic Sensor? Outline. Coffey. Optics - Filter Properties. This website is made to help user to understand basic principles of acousto-optic theory, on which acousto-optic devices are based on. At this point the rays from the point source converge again (Fig. Valerie C. Pipeline Distributed Fiber Optic Monitoring System Source: Sabeus Interferometric and DAS systems can monitor 25 km or longer DTS and DTSS systems have been used to monitor leaks which cause a local temperature drop •Fiber optic interferometric array monitors about 25 Km •Multiple arrays cover hundreds of km •Data transferred through wireless node Understanding how light rays can be manipulated allows us to create better contact lenses, fiber optic cables, and high powered telescopes. v=velocity of light in non conducting medium. Optical Microscopes – Some Basics The optical microscope has been a standard tool in life science as well as material science for more than one and a half centuries now. A convex mirror has the same basic properties as a concave mirror but its  Optics Intro. Frame styles branded with high profile designer names like Calvin Klein, Jones New York, and Marc Jacobs continue to be in demand. 5. Physics Dept. Watch Next 2 Videos of Chapter Optics :- 1) What is Snell's Law - Optics - Basic Physics - MSBTE | Ekeeda The beginning of the field of nonlinear optics is often taken to be the discovery of second-harmonic generation by Franken et al. Three basic components. cussing some basics from electrodynamics in Chapter 4 and solar radiation in Chapter 5, we spend several chapters on explaining the most important concepts of semiconductor physics. The wave equation. To use this tool economically and effectively, it helps a lot to understand the basics of optics, especially of those essential components which are part of every microscope. Page 4 of 4 . wave optics, emphasizing – physical intuition and underlying mathematical tools – systems approach to analysis and design of optical systems • Application of the physical concepts to topical engineering domains, chosen from – high-definition optical microscopy – optical switching and routing for data communications and computer Fiber Optic Basics Optical fibers are circular dielectric wave-guides that can transport optical energy and information. com . Paul Robinson - Purdue University Cytometry Laboratories Slide 2 t:/PowerPoint/confoc/524lect1. Recent scientific and engineering breakthroughs are bringing these systems closer to deployment. Molecular bands. When using laser light sources, filters must have very sharp  21 Sep 2019 Abstract or Synopsis: Adaptive optics is a new technology which in effect removes this atmospheric tremor and PPT : Adaptive Optics in Ground Based Telescopes Seminar with Free Download Basic Functional Diagram. 5mm (slightly thicker than a human hair). 00 for air , n=1. An optical sensor converts light rays into an electronic signal. 6). Internet Wave Basics; Sound and Music; Light and Color; Reflection and Mirrors; Refraction and Lenses; Question Bank. While the former implies that the medium The basics of Wavelength Division Multiplexing, WDM Wavelength division multiplexing, WDM, has long been the technology of choice for transporting large amounts of data between sites. The slides are from Authorstream. Optical-fiber lamps are used for illumination in decorative applications, including signs, art, toys and artificial Christmas trees. 45 for silica glass,2. The optical properties of the fiber material (which is usually fused silica), The 2 basic parts of the slit lamp biomicroscope are: 1. Message 5. (1)((11))(1) Lens, mirrors and prisms Lens, mirrors and prisms are most basic optical elements. Levorotatory (-): an optically active compound that rotates plane polarized light in a counterclockwise direction. 5 in). Appendix A — Worksheets • Fiber selection • Cabling options • Cable management products • Test equipment selection • Placement technique • Fiber installation inspection report • OTDR acceptance test form 2 • Surveying has to do with the determination of the relative spatial location of points on or near the surface of the earth. Introduction to Light. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? If so, share your PPT Optical fiber  Optical fiber (or "fiber optic") refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber. au)The subject of Optics can be divided into three areas: Geometrical Optics where light is described by rays which show the paths of energy transfer. n=1. The third choice for service providers is dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM), which increases the capacity of embedded fiber by first assigning incoming optical signals to specific frequencies (wavelength, lambda) within a designated frequency band and then multiplexing the resulting signals out onto one fiber. It takes about seven minutes for light from the Sun to reach Earth.  Optical fiber carries much more information than conventional copper wire and is in general not subject to electromagnetic interference and the need to retransmit signals. Download Fiber Optic Cable PowerPoint templates (ppt) and backgrounds for your presentations. (2019, July 05). The basic concepts of laser were first given by an American scientist, Design and Implementation of a Fiber to the Home FTTH Access Network based on GPON Mahmoud M. Knipp Introduction to Photonics Photonics and Optical Communication Optical Sensing, Lighting, and Energy Advances in lighting sources and light distribution systems are poised to dramatically reduce the electricity consumption now devoted to lighting. Optical fiber is an intrinsic part of the light-transmitting concrete building product LiTraCon. 25 to 0. the optical system alone but rather is an overall contributions from the optics, resist, develop and etching processes. Title Prof Size Link : Presentation on CD4 low cost tests in Africa: JPR : Listen : Presentation 101 for Graduate Students: JPR : Page : Microscopy Series - BMS 524, "Introduction to Confocal Microscopy and Image Analysis. Optics Basics. Nanomaterials deal with very fine structures: a nanometer is a billionth of a meter. Ralph Descheneaux of Network Integrity Security states that “You can spend a lot of money on encryption and firewalling, but you also need to cover the basics. Dodd, “The Essential Guide to Telecommunications,” 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 1999 q J. edu Examination sequence Case Hx VA’s distance, near, continuous text Low Contrast acuity (Bailey-Lovie) Refraction Nonlinear Optics. The performance of an optical coating is dependent upon the number of layers, the thickness of the individual layers, History of Optics Optical Engineering Prof. What are optical fibers Thin strands of pure glass Carry data over long distances At very high speeds Fiber can be bent or twisted Fiber optic technology Sources Transmission medium Detectors Sources of light Light emitting diodes Lasers Sources Modulate electrical signals into optical signals Mostly modulate at 850nm, 1300nm and 1550 nm Lasers give high intensity, high frequency light LEDs are economical Transmission medium Optical fiber is replacing copper Light is used as the carrier of Optical Design Fundamentals (1) Systems for gathering and transmitting RF (radio frequency) and optical signals are identical in theory. Light scattering or fluorescence emission (from autofluorescence or if the particle is labeled with a fluorophore) provides information about the particle’s properties. Z. com The Industrial Fiber Optics’ Fiber Optic Connector and Splicing Module contains three learning activities that cover the basics of attaching connectors and splices to fiber optic cables. 1 and 8. There are three main parts to an optical fiber: Core- the thin glass center where light travels. 2 A Reference fiber optics, hard wire, carrier current Basic_Protection_Theory_2013_BW. Fundamental goal of this course: To understand the physical world around us. Optics hutch 4. Basic performance estimate (square geometry) for sI/<I> not modified by pupil  Why Free Space Optics (FSO)? The “Last Mile” Bottleneck Problem. FUTURE TRENDS IN FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION Fiber optics communication is definitely the future of data communication. com There are TWO basic simple lens types: CONVEX or POSITIVE lenses will CONVERGE or FOCUS light and can form an IMAGE. Propagation of Light in Optical Fibers. The other extreme are narrow-anglecones with a focal length of 610 mm (24 in). 2 ( r ) ˚ ( r , θ , z ) 5 0 (2) the solutions of which are the modes of the fiber . 02 Basic Optics System Manual OS 8515C. EE566 Class Presentation Jia-Lock WONG September 10, 2003 POTENTIAL FUTURE OF FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION? Introduction History of Companies Featured Products Revenue and Market Overview Job Market Improvements and Suggestions Conclusions Introduction Fiber Optics Communication Equipments: Optical Switch Optical Multiplexer Optical Amplifier Important formulae & basic concepts Chapter: Ray Optics & Optical instruments & Wave Optics XII Physics All distances are measured in meter (m) Snell’s law states n = sin i/ sin r n is refractive index i is the angle of incidence r is the angle of refraction Sign convention distances measured in the same direction as For waveguides such as optical fibers which exhibit a small change in refractive index at the boundaries , the electric field can be well described by a scalar wave equation = 2 ˚ ( r , θ , z ) 1 k 2 0 r. These topics are presented in Sets. Thousands of science educators have utilized Ocean Optics spectrometers to create real-world, exciting experiments to teach their students and enrich their lives with a greater understanding and appreciation for science. The nal two chapters of the book demonstrate the incomplete nature of classical optics and provide a brief introduction to quantum optics. Since the earliest days of telecommunications there has been an ever increasing need to transmit more data even faster. Optics. Introduction – Physical Fundamentals of Optical Fiber Transmission 1. market for fiber optics is the largest and most open in the world, accounting for over 50 percent of world consumption in 1984. ppt Evaluation • End of term quiz - 100% grade 1. mit. Thin lens optics • Simplification of geometrical optics for well-behaved lenses • All parallel rays converge to one point on a plane located at the focal length f • All rays going through the center are not deviated – Hence same perspective as pinhole f Simplification of first-order optics • Snell’s law: η1 sinθ1 = η2 sin θ2 seanghor. Agilent 101: An Introduction to Optical Spectroscopy By Andrew Hind . This indeed allows us to think in both the ‘bottom up’ or the ‘top down’ approaches (Fig. 1 Ray Optics University of Tennessee, Dept. After discussing the basics in Chapter 6, we elaborate on the different generation and recombination mechanisms in Chapter 7 and introduce An ROADM (reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer) is a device that can add, block, pass or redirect modulated infrared (IR) and visible light beams of various wavelengths in a fiber optic network. All of those areas require cutting-edge optics—and someone with expertise in them, Gregory says. Optics - Filter Properties & manipulation of light in flow cytometry PPT. Revised September 13, 2019. vision. •Telescope types and CCD design. Optical clocks have been greatly improved and will be improved further. com 480 804 1227 Basics of refraction has been explained nicely in this presentation. Vihnsen, Physica Sciptra, vol. Peter Persans. ! => Light, which passes the AOTF, is diffracted depending on ist own wavelength and the wavelength of the ultrasonic wave Þeld. com Modern compound microscopes operate using a dual stage magnifying design that incorporates a primary imaging lens, the objective, coupled to a secondary visualizing lens system known as the eyepiece or ocular mounted at the opposite ends of a body tube. David Hunter's lectures on optics and refraction are among the most popular treatment of the topic anywhere in the world. 3: Classification of optical fiber sensors. Transcript Slide 1 This is Mark Wilkinson from the University of Iowa Department of  Check out our professionally designed Fiber Optics our Fiber Optics PowerPoint affordably and quickly now. 2 Optically Active: the ability of some compounds to rotate plane polarized light. Undiffracted Laserlight Acousto Optical Crystal Ultrasonic Source AOTF Acousto Optical Tunable Filter This adjustable quartz Þlter works at frequencies as high as sound, that is "Acousto-". Medium 4. In some buildings, optical fibers route sunlight from the roof to other parts of the building (see nonimaging optics). com - id: 68463-NjkzM Fiber Optics Cont. TE mp, underwater. com) is the #1 online provider of fiber optic products, training, rentals and asset management software. In physics, the critical angle is described with respect to the normal line. You can have mixed lens shapes too. A very good introduction is given by New . In case of conflict between the material contained in the tutorial and the material of the relevant Recommendation the latter always prevails . Fig. Lecture 16: Near-field Scanning Optical Microscopy (NSOM) Background of NSOM; Basic principles and mechanisms of NSOM; Basic components of a NSOM; Different scanning modes and systems of NSOM; General applications and advantages of NSOM. Focal Length f Focal length f determines overall length of optical train and is related to the radius of curvature (ROC) of the primary mirror/lens surface. Photonics is related to quantum optics, optomechanics, electro-optics, optoelectronics and quantum electronics. Only about 5 % of commercial buildings are lit with fiber. Until now, the only way you could experience these concise and entertaining (considering the topic) lectures would be to travel to a review course or attend a visiting professor lecture. , SC1C10, persap of power we can put into one end of a fiber (non-linear loss) – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. Atomic lines vs molecular bands. Links involving satellites, deep-space probes, However the CSMA/CD method for gaining access to the physical medium is not employed, and half duplex operation is not supported. Murphy constructs a solid foundation on the basic concepts of geometrical optics, light, and color, and then provides excellent introductory reviews of important topics in light microscopy, including contrast-enhancing techniques and advanced methodology. Michael Fowler, UVa. Lecture Notes for PHYS 2911 – Optics Prof. • Analysis of train of optical elements by multiplication of 2x2 matrices describing each element. We describe the path of light as straight- line rays; Reflection off a flat surface follows a simple rule: angle in (incidence)  Optics. The potential and advantages of fiber laser pumped optical parametric amplifiers will be described in chapter 8. The purpose of this article is to provide the non-technical reader with an overview of 3. From jimhayes. PowerPoint Presentation On Fiber Optics For Teachers Here is a short PowerPoint presentation you can give to your classes yourself. Principle and major types Almost 60 years have passed since the first demonstration of a laser in 1960. Fiber Optics 1-2-3 — Detailed Course Outline www. 45 for diamond. For Every Student org optics physics problems ppt on daily life examples of reflection and refraction of light light interacting with concave prism refraction laboratory report with prism branches of physics optics light wave lab activities using concave and convex mirrors igcse+phy+measurements+worksheet prism optics tutorial ray tracer exam and solution Nonlinear optical technologies are usually used in combination with laser technology, and the main aspect is to shift or extend the limited wavelength range directly accessible by the laser source. It is aimed at introducing fiber optic technology to science or career education students and showing what career opportunities exist in the field. A structured cabling system is a complete system of cabling and associated hardware, which provides a comprehensive telecommunications infrastructure. North Dakota; Students look at mafic igneous minerals, learning to distinguish and identify them in hand specimen. (parallel-beam tomo). Fiber Optic Basics. First, optical switching should be cheaper, as there is no need for lots of expensive high-speed Optical Microscopes – Some Basics The optical microscope has been a standard tool in life science as well as material science for more than one and a half centuries now. " Each topic will have a brief introduction to the subject, telling you what you should learn from that lesson, and will then link you to FOA YouTube videos, several pages on the FOA Online Reference Guide to Fiber Optics, the FOA OSP Fiber Optics Civil Works Guide or chapters/sections in the FOA Reference Guide to Outside Plant Fiber Optics Telecom Basics: Key References q A. Scruggs, MD, PhD, Jesse M. edu. atomoptics-nas. High-Energy Lasers: New Advances in Defense Applications . Nonlinear optics is the study of phenomena that occur as a consequence of the modification of the optical properties of a material system by the presence of light. The purpose of an optical sensor is to measure a physical quantity of light and, depending on the type of sensor, then translates it into a form that is readable by an integrated measuring device. 33 for water,1. Cylindrical fibers- Modes, Vnumber, Mode coupling, Step Index fibers, Graded Index fibers. It is expected to continue into the future, with the development of new and Laser Basics 5/42 1 1. The field of fiber optics depends upon the total internal reflection of light rays traveling through tiny optical fibers. Optics_投影片_Basics-of-Optical-Fibre_PPT_p1-70. Polytec. Optical Design Fundamentals (1) Systems for gathering and transmitting RF (radio frequency) and optical signals are identical in theory. 2, respectively. contain nu-clei and electrons. Thomas Griffith (MacGraw-Hill). OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS & NETWORKING - AN OVERVIEW. Power of a lens/mirror: [diopters=m-1] Basics of Fiber Optics Mark Curran/Brian Shirk Fiber optics, which is the science of light transmission through very fine glass or plastic fibers, continues to be used in more and more applications due to its inherent advantages over copper conductors. Understand the tools used for optical design of AO systems; Understand what wavefront aberrations look like, and  18 Sep 1994 •Interaction of Light w/ environment. Lasers are finding ever increasing military applications -- principally for target acquisition, fire control, and training. Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Arne Seitz PT-BIOP Course, Basics in Light Microscopy 2010, EPFL. This process is performed at rates of thousands of cells per second. OPTICAL MODULATION A Tutorial Introduction to Optical Modulation Techniques By Gary Breed Editorial Director T his article intro-duces the subject of optical modulation, the process of applying information to a light wave. Causing interruption can be done by just severing a couple of these fiber optics cables. in Reflected light microscopy is often referred to as incident light, epi-illumination, or metallurgical microscopy, and is the method of choice for fluorescence and for imaging specimens that remain opaque even when ground to a thickness of 30 micrometers using conventional contrast-enhancing techniques. Key definitions. Ashraf 28 January - 1 February, 2013 Quaid-I-Azam University Islamabad Pakistan Lasers, Q-switching and mode-locking The Fiber Optic Marketplace, LLC (dba FiberOptic. 75-79 (2004) & Various articles from the . Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Individuals, professionals and academics have also learned to rely on computer networks for capabilities such as electronic mail and access to remote databases for research and communication purposes. 2 Principle of laser generation The generation of a laser beam is a three-step process in which steps occur almost instantaneously. com - id: 1f489a-ZDc1Z FOA creates lots of curriculum materials for our hundreds of schools around the world and much of it is appropriate for introducing students to fiber optics. The term “spectroscopy” was first coined in 1666, whole optical system can be replaced by a single lens positioned such that the object is located at it’s primary focal point Equivalent Power D e = D 1 + D 2 - tD 1 D 2 where D e = equivalent power D 1 = power of lens in LV aid D 2 = add or accommodation t = separation between LVA and spectacle plane Microscopes/High Adds eye Microscopes/High Adds This chapter emphasizes the nature of optical modes and their group velocities in step-index and graded-index fibers. Video Lecture on What is Optics from Optics chapter of Basic Physics for MSBTE Semester 1. Smolyaninov, Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics 5, S16 Optical fiber wave guides- Introduction, Ray theory transmission, Total Internal Reflection, Acceptance angle, Numerical Aperture, Skew rays. uoregon. Lapping and polishing is a process by which material is precisely removed from a workpiece (or specimen) to produce a desired dimension, surface finish, or shape. This is NOT a Recommendation! This tutorial has no standards significance. 8. Optical properties of polar crystals note: lattice has transversal T and longitudinal L oscillations but only transversal phonons can be excited by light ()ε ω 2 2 c k⋅k = N =n+iκ= ε n =0, κ= ε ( ) ()2 2 2 1 1 κ κ + − + = n n R =E ei()kr−ωt 0 A B n = ε, κ=0 BBA ε ω c k = ε ω c A k =i B A: total reflection B: transmission and reflection γ = 0 Fiber Optics PowerPoint template is professionally designed with high-res pictures in the background of the Slide Master. " It shows some demos you can do in the classroom and offers a sample of the plastic optical fiber Lesson 1. 4 Typical Interferometer •The expanded beam exiting from the light source is divided by a Beamsplitter into two beams. The incoming light produces free electrons which can carry electrical The typical SerDes system channel is a linear system that contains high frequency attenuation of the transmitted signal. After the initial spark of interest, lasers were for a while categorized as “a solution waiting for a problem,” but bit by bit, the range of their applications has expanded to encompass fields as diverse as DNA sequencing, consumer electronics manufacturing, or freezing the motion of electrons around atoms. That speed is really fast, but even when you're traveling that fast, it takes a while to get places in space. ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. They were supplemented with some clicker questions supplied with the textbook (Giancoli), but most of the slides used are here (in PDF format). ppt), PDF File (. Fiber Optics. Rapid development of optoelectronic devices and laser techniques poses an important task of creating and studying, from one side, the structures capable of effectively converting, modulating, and recording optical data in a wide range of radiation energy densities and frequencies, from another side, the new schemes and approaches capable to activate and simulate the modern In physics, the critical angle is described with respect to the normal line. The place to begin is the FOA YouTube video "Fiber Optics For Teachers - An Introduction. Greenwald, BS, Brittni A. Fiber optics are new technology for most people. ppt Dr. It is a vast science covering many simple and complex subjects ranging from the reflection of light off a metallic surface to create an image, to the interaction of multiple layers of coating to create a high optical density rugate notch filter . It is purely for educational purposes. Types of Optical Detectors Photon detectors may be further subdivided according to the physical effect that produces the detector response. These gave way to coaxial cables that enabled several channels to transmitted over the same cable. Maxwell's equations. cse. Basics of Fiber Optics Objectives: Understanding the basics of fiber optic technology and applications. 111, Springer Berlin 1988 Overview articles on Plasmonics: - A. The linear and nonlinear susceptibilities should be treated as phenomenological constants in our classical description. - Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and Practices, S. seanghor. psu. The evolution of fiber optic communication has been driven by advancement in technology and increased demand for fiber optic communication. edu Examination sequence Case Hx VA’s distance, near, continuous text Low Contrast acuity (Bailey-Lovie) Refraction Optical fiber is a cable, which is also known as cylindrical dielectric waveguide made of low loss material. Al-Quzwini College of Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq ABSTRACT This paper presents a step by step design and field implementation of a protected GPON FTTH access network serving 1000 users. These questions are very useful as This webpage provides a compilation of on-line instructional resources and teaching activities related to Optical Mineralogy and Petrography. basics of optics ppt

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